Journal Articles

65. "Magic clusters PtMg2,3H5- facilitated by local σ-aromaticity", W. Wang, J. Wang, C. Gong, Z. Zhu, K. Bowen*, X. Zhang*, ChemPhysChem DOI: 10.1002/cphc.202000691

64. "Probe-Free Direct Identification of Type I and Type II Photosensitized Oxidation Using Field-Induced Droplet Ionization Mass Spectrometry", C. Mu, W. Wang, J. Wang, C. Gong, D. Zhang, X. Zhang*, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. DOI: 10.1002/anie.202010294
        Highlighted by X-mol.


63. "Beyond lipid peroxidation: Distinct mechanisms observed for POPC and POPG oxidation initiated by UV‐enhanced Fenton reactions at the air‐water interface", D. Zhang, C. Gong, J. Wang, C. Mu, W. Wang, X. Zhang*, J. Mass Spectrom. doi: 10.1002/jms.4626 (2020).

62. "Designer Mg-Mg and Zn-Zn single bonds facilitated by double aromaticity in the M2B7- (M = Mg, Zn) clusters" W. Wang, J. Wang, C. Gong, C. Mu, D. Zhang, X. Zhang*, Chin. J. Chem. Phys. DOI:10.1063/1674-0068/cjcp2004057 (2020).

61. "Reply to the Comment on “Realization of Lewis Basic Sodium Anion in the NaBH3– Cluster” G. Liu, N. Fedik, C. Martinez-Martinez, S. M. Ciborowski, X. Zhang*, A. I. Boldyrev*, K. H. Bowen*, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. DOI: 10.1002/anie.202005259 and 10.1002/ange.202005259 (2020).

60."Boron-made N2: Realization of a B≡B Triple Bond in the B2Al3- Cluster" N. Fedik#, C. Mu#, I. A. Popov, W. Wang, J. Wang, H. Wang, K. H. Bowen,* A. I. Boldyrev*, X. Zhang*, Chem. Eur. J. accepted (2020).

59. "CO2 Hydrogenation to Formate and Formic Acid by Bimetallic Palladium-Copper Hydride Clusters" G. Liu, P. Poths, X. Zhang*, Z. Zhu, M. Marshall, M. Blankenhorn, A. Alexandrova*, K. Bowen*, J. Am. Chem. Soc. accepted (2020).

58. "Host-Guest Complexation of Amphiphilic Molecules at the Air-Water Interface Prevents Oxidation by Hydroxyl Radicals and Singlet Oxygen" W. Geng#, D. Zhang#, C. Gong, Z. Li, K. M. Barraza, J. L. Beauchamp*, D. Guo*, X. Zhang*, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. DOI: 10.1002/anie.202001355 and 10.1002/ange.202001355.


57. "Realization of Lewis Basic Na Anion in the NaBH3– Cluster" G. Liu, N. Fedik, C. Martinez-Martinez, S. M. Ciborowski, X. Zhang*, A. I. Boldyrev*, K. H. Bowen*, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 58, 13789-13793 (2019).

56. "Stable Parent Anions of Dopamine and Adrenaline: A New Form of Neurotransmitters" C. Gong, W. Wang, K. H. Bowen*, X. Zhang*, J. Phys. Chem. B 123, 7695-7699 (2019).

55. "Electron-Induced Proton Transfer (EIPT) in 2-Hydroxypyridine / 2-Pyridone Tautomeric Dimer Anions: A Photoelectron Spectroscopic and Density Functional Theory Study" A. Vlk, Y. Wang, C. Martinez-Martinez, X. Zhang, K. Bowen, Chem. Phys. Lett.  730, 634-637 (2019).

54. "Spectroscopic Measurement of a Halogen Bond Energy" X. Zhang*, G. Liu, S. Ciborowski, W. Wang, C. Gong, Y. Yao, K Bowen*, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 58, 11400-11403 (2019).

53. "The Metallo–Formate Anions, M(CO2)–, M = Ni, Pd, Pt, formed by Electron–Induced CO2 Activation", G. Liu, S. M. Ciborowski, Z. Zhu, Y. Chen, X. Zhang, and K. H. Bowen, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 21, 10955-10960 (2019).

52. "Mass spectrometric study of acoustically levitated droplet illuminates molecular-level mechanism of photodynamic therapy for cancer involving lipid oxidation“, C. Mu, J. Wang, K. Barraza, X. Zhang*, J. Beauchamp*, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 58, 8082-8086 (2019).
        Highlighted by phys.org and X-mol.

51. "Intramolecular Electron-Induced Proton Transfer and its Correlation with Excited-State Intramolecular Proton Transfer", W. Wang, M. Marshall, E. Collins, S. Marquez, C. Mu, K. H. Bowen*, X. Zhang*, Nat. Commun. 10, 1170 (2019).

50. "Water Activation and Splitting by Single Metal-Atom Anions" Gaoxiang Liu, Evangelos Miliordos, Sandra Ciborowski, Martin Tschurl, Ulrich Boesl, Ulrich Heiz, Xinxing Zhang*(corresponding author), Sotiris Xantheas and Kit Bowen, J. Chem. Phys. 149, 221101 (2018).

49. "Subtle Changes in Lipid Environment Have Profound Effects on Membrane Oxidation Chemistry" X. Zhang*, K. M. Barraza, K. T. Upton, J. L. Beauchamp*, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 140, 17492-17498 (2018).

48. "Realization of an Al≡Al Triple Bond in the Gas‐Phase Na3Al2‐ Cluster via Double Electronic Transmutation" X. Zhang*(corresponding author), I. A. Popov, K. A. Lundell, H. Wang, C. Mu, W. Wang, H. Schnöckel, A. I. Boldyrev and K. H. Bowen. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 57, 14060-14064 (2018) .
        Highlighted by C&En News.

47. "Electron Binding Energy Spectra of AlnMo-Clusters: Measurements, Calculations and Theoretical Analysis" P. Acioli, X. Zhang, K. H. Bowen, J. Jellinek, J. Phys. Chem. C J. Phys. Chem. C 123, 7810-7817 (2019).

46. "Electronic Transmutation (ET): Chemically Turning One Element into Another" X. Zhang*(corresponding author), K. A. Lundell, J. K. Olson, K. H. Bowen, and A. I. Boldyrev, Chem. Eur. J. 24, 9200-9210 (2018).

45. "Cholesterol provides nonsacrificial protection of membrane lipids from chemical damage at air–water interface", X. Zhang, K. Barraza, J. L. Beauchamp, PNAS, 115, 3255-3260, (2018).
        Highlighted by X-mol.

44. "Mystery of Three Borides: Differential Metal Boron Bonding Governing Superhard Structures", P. J. Robinson, G. Liu, S. Ciborowski, C. Martinez-Martinez, J. R. Chamorro, X. Zhang, T. M. McQueen, K. H. Bowen, and A. N. Alexandrova, Chem. Mater. 29, 9892-9896 (2017).

43 "The Existence of a Designer Al=Al Double Bond in the LiAl2H4− Cluster Formed by Electronic Transmutation", K. A. Lundell, X. Zhang (co-first author,), A. I. Boldyrev; K. H. Bowen, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 56, 16593-16596 (2017).
        Highlighted by chemistryviews.org.

42. "Stabilizing otherwise Unstable Anions with Halogen Bonding" X. Zhang* (corresponding author), Gaoxiang Liu, Sandra Ciborowski and K. Bowen, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 56, 9897-9900, (2017).
        Highlighted by X-mol.

41. "Time Resolved Study of Hydroxyl Radical Oxidation of Oleic Acid at the Air-Water Interface", X. Zhang, K. M Barraza, K. T. Upton, J. L. Beauchamp, Chem. Phys. Lett. 683, 76-82 (2017).
        Invited article for Ahmed Zewail Commemoration issue.

40. "Designer Metal-Containing Halogen Bonding: General Strategies" X. Zhang* (corresponding author) and K. Bowen, Chem. Eur. J. 23, 5439-5442 (2017).

39. "Identifying the hydrogenated planar tetracoordinate carbon: A combined experimental and theoretical study of CAl4H and CAl4H‾" J. Xu, X. Zhang* (co-first author, corresponding author), S. Yu, Y. Ding and K. H. Bowen, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 8, 2263-2267 (2017).

38. "Ab initio study on anomalous structures of anionic [(N-heterocycle)-CO2]¯ complexes" R. Oh, E. Lim, X. Zhang, J. Heo, K. H. Bowen, and S. K. Kim, J. Chem. Phys. 146, 134304 (2017).

37. "Low Oxidation State Aluminum-Containing Cluster Anions: LAlH- and LAln- (n = 2–4, L = N[Si(Me)3]2)" X. Zhang, G. R. Montone, A. F. Gill, G. Ganteför, B. Eichhorn, A. K. Kandalam, and K. H. Bowen, PCCP 19, 15541-15548 (2017).

36. "Photoelectron Spectroscopic Study of Carbon Aluminum Hydride Cluster Anions" X. Zhang, H. Wang, G. Ganteför, B. W. Eichhorn, B. Kiran and K. Bowen, J. Chem. Phys. 145, 154305 (2016).

35. "SmB6– Cluster Anion: Covalency Involving f Orbitals" P. Robinson, X. Zhang, T. McQueen, K. Bowen and A. Alexandrova, J. Phys. Chem. A 121, 1849 (2017).

34. "Aluminum Hydride Cluster Cations: A Mass Spectrometric and Computational Study", V. Fontenot, B. Kiran, X. Zhang, H. Wang, G. Ganterfoer, K. Bowen. Int. J. of Mass Spectrom. 408, 56-61 (2016).

33. "Photoelectron Spectroscopic and Computational Study of the PtMgH3, 5- Cluster Anions", X. Zhang, G. Ganteför, A. N. Alexandrova and K. Bowen, PCCP, 18, 19345 (2016).

32. "Low Oxidation State Aluminum-Containing Cluster Anions: Cp*AlnH-, n = 1 - 3", X. Zhang, G. Gantefoer, B. Eichhorn, D. Mayo, W. Sawyer, A. Gill, A. Kandalam, H. Schnöckel, and K. Bowen, J. Chem. Phys. 145, 074305 (2016).

31. "The Al(I) molecule, Ph2COAl and Its Anion", X. Zhang, B. Eichhorn, H. Schnöckel and K. Bowen, Chem. Phys. Lett. 659, 36 (2016).

30. "CO2 Activation and Hydrogenation by PtHn- Cluster Anions", X. Zhang, G. Liu, K. Meiwes-Broer, G. Gantefoer, K. Bowen, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 55, 9644 (2016).

29. "A Photoelectron Spectroscopic and Computational Study of the o-Dicarbadodecaborane Parent Anion", X. Zhang and K. Bowen, J. Chem. Phys. 144, 224311 (2016).

28. "Reactions of both aluminum hydride cluster anions and boron aluminum hydride cluster anions with oxygen: Anionic products", X. Zhang, H. Wang, G. Ganteför, B. W. Eichhorn, K. Bowen, Int. J. of Mass Spectrom. 404, 24 (2016).

27. "Carbon Dioxide is Tightly Bound in the [Co(Pyridine)(CO2)]- Anionic Complex", J. Graham, A. Buytendyk, X. Zhang, S. Kim, and K. Bowen. J. Chem. Phys. 143, 174305 (2015).

26. "Importance of Time Scale and Local Environment in Electron-Driven Proton Transfer. The Anion of Acetoacetic Acid", Z. Keolopile, M. Gutowski, A. Buonaugurio, E. Collins, X. Zhang,* (corresponding author) J. Erb, T. Lectka, K. Bowen, and M. Allan, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 137, 14329 (2015).

25. "Anion Photoelectron Spectroscopy and CASSCF/CASPT2/RASSI Study of Lan- (n=1-3)", A. Ivanov, X. Zhang, (co-first author) H. Wang, A.I. Boldyrev, G. Gantefoer, K.H. Bowen, and I. Černušák, J. Phys. Chem. A. 119, 11293 (2015).

24. "Photoelectron Spectroscopic and Theoretical Study of the [HPd(η2-H2)]- Cluster Anion", X. Zhang, P. J. Robinson, A. Alexandrova and K. H. Bowen, J. Chem. Phys. 143, 094307 (2015).

23. "Photoelectron Spectroscopic and Computational Study of (M-CO2)- Anions, M = Cu, Ag, Au", X. Zhang, S. K. Kim and K. H. Bowen, J. Chem. Phys. 143, 174305 (2015).

22. "Aluminum chain in Li2Al3H8– as suggested by photoelectron spectroscopy and ab initio calculations ", I. A. Popov, X. Zhang, (co-first author) B. W. Eichhorn, A. I. Boldyrev and K. H. Bowen, PCCP. 17, 26079 (2015).
        Hhighlighted by Atlas of Science.org.

21. "Negative ion properties of trans-2,2ʹ,6,6ʹ-tetrafluoroazobenzene: Experiment and Theory", M. Rezaee, Y. Wang , X. Zhang, G. Liu , K. Bowen , A. Bayer , M. D. Best , and R. N. Compton, J. Chem. Phys. 143, 114303 (2015).

20. "The Onset of Electron-Induced Proton-Transfer in Hydrated Azabenzene Cluster Anions", Y. Wang, X. Zhang, S. Lyapustina,M. M. Nilles, S. Xu, J. D.Graham, K. H. Bowen, J. T. Kelly, G. S. Tschumper and N. I. Hammer, PCCP 18, 704 (2015).
        Front cover article.

19. "Photodetachment Velocity Map Imaging of the 1 A′← 2 A′ Transition in the AuOH Anion", B. Visser, M. Addicoat, J. R. Gascooke, X. Zhang, K. Bowen, W. Lawrance, and G. Metha, Chem. Phys. Lett. 625, 164 (2015)

18. "Ab initio and Anion Photoelectron Study of AunRhm (n=1−7,m=1−2) clusters", F. Buendia, M. Beltran, X. Zhang, G. Liu, A. Buytendyk, K. Bowen. PCCP 17, 28219 (2015).

17. "The Photoelectron Spectrum of the Benzaldehyde Anion", A. Buonaugurio, X. Zhang, S. T. Stokes, Y. Wang, G. B. Ellison, and K. H. Bowen, Int. J. of Mass Spectrom. 377, 278 (2015).

16. "PtZnH5-, A σ-Aromatic Cluster", X. Zhang, G. Liu, G. Gantefoer, K. H. Bowen, and A. N. Alexandrova, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5, 1596–1601 (2014).
        Highlighted by Chemistry World from Royal Society of Chemistry and Bang! Science.

15. "The PtAl- and PtAl2- Anions: Theoretical and Photoelectron Spectroscopic Characterization ", X. Zhang, G. Gantefoer, K.H. Bowen, and A. Alexandrova , J. Chem. Phys. 140, 164316(2014)

14. "Photoelectron Spectroscopic Study of the Diphenylphosphide Anion and Its Oxide", X. Zhang, X. Tang, D. H. Mayo, S. DeCarlo, B. Eichhorn, and K. Bowen, Chem. Phys. Lett. , 597, 110 (2014)

13. "Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Boron Aluminum Hydride Cluster Anions ", H. Wang, X. Zhang, Y. Ko, G. F. Gantefor, K. H. Bowen, X. Li, K. Boggavarapu, and A. Kandalam , J. Chem. Phys. 140, 164317 (2014)

12. "Aluminum Zintl Anion Moieties within Sodium Aluminum Clusters", H. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Ko, A. Grubisic, X. Li, G. Ganteför, H. Schnöckel, B. Eichhorn, M. Lee, P. Jena, A. Kandalam, B. Kiran, and K. H. Bowen, J. Chem. Phys. 140, 054301 (2014)

11. "The Viability of Aluminum Zintl Anion Moieties within Magnesium-Aluminum Clusters", H. Wang, Y. J. Ko, X. Zhang, G. Gantefoer, H. Schnoeckel, B. W. Eichhorn, P. Jena, B. Kiran, A. K. Kandalam, and K. H. Bowen, Jr., J. Chem. Phys. 140, 124309 (2014)

10. "The Alanate Anion, AlH4-: Photoelectron Spectrum and Computations", J. D. Graham , A. M. Buytendyk , X. Zhang , E. Collins , K. Boggavarapu , G. Gantefoer , B. W. Eichhorn , G. L. Gutsev , S. Behera , P. Jena , and K. H. Bowen, J. Phys. Chem. A, 118, 8158 (2014)

9. "Photoelectron Spectra of the MgH− and MgD− Anions ", A. Buytendyk, J. Graham, H. Wang, X. Zhang, E. Collins, Y. J. Ko, G. Gantefoer, B. Eichhorn, A. Regmi, K.Boggavarapu, K. H. Bowen, Int. J. of Mass Spectrom., 365-366, 140 (2014).

8. "On the Existence of Designer Magnetic Superatoms ", X. Zhang, Y. Wang, H. Wang, A. Lim, G. Gantefoer, K.H. Bowen, J. U. Reveles, and S. N. Khanna, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 135, 4856 −4861 (2013).
        Highlighted by the following medias: C&EN news, JACS spotlight, Phys.org, VCU news.

7. "Photoelectron Spectroscopic Study of the Ethyl Cyanoacrylate Anion", X. Zhang, X. Tang, K.H. Bowen, Chem. Phys. Lett. 582, 21(2013)

6. "In Search of Four-Atom Chiral Metal Clusters ", X. Zhang, B. Visser, M. Tschurl, E. Collins, Y. Wang, Q. Wang, Y. Li, Q. Sun, P. Jena, G. Gantefoer, U. Boesl, U. Heiz, and K. H. Bowen, J. Chem. Phys. 139, 111101 (2013)

5. " Photoelectron spectroscopy of the aluminum hydride anions: AlH2−, AlH3−, Al2H6−, Al3H9−, and Al4H12− ", X. Zhang, H. Wang, E. Collins, A. Lim, G. Ganteför, B. Kiran, H.Schnöckel, B. Eichhorn, and K.H. Bowen , J. Chem. Phys. 138, 124303 (2013)

4. "Evolution of superhalogen properties in PtCln clusters", J. Joseph, K. Pradhan, P. Jena, H. Wang, X. Zhang, Y. J. Ko, and K. H. Bowen, J. Chem. Phys., 136, 194305 (2012)

3. "Pd–CNT-catalyzed ligandless and additive-free heterogeneous Suzuki–Miyaura cross-coupling of arylbromides" P. Zhang, X. Zhang, (Co-first author) H. Sun, R. Liu, B. Wang, Y. Lin. Tetrahedron Letters, 50, 4455 (2009)

2. "Suzuki-Miyaura Cross-Coupling of Aryl Bromides with Pd-CNT" P. Zhang, X. Zhang, H. Sun, R. Liu, B. Wang, Y. Lin. Synfacts 2009, 1056.

1. "Assembly of single-metal nanoparticle on carbon nanotube through metal organic chemical deposition method with acetyl acetonate", X. Zhang, Y. Lin, Faming Zhuanli Shenqing, CN Patent CN 101830429 (2010)